Fraser Island is a large sand island 122 km (76 miles) long (with an area of 184 000 hectares, the largest sand island in the world) situated off the southern coast of the Australian state of Queensland, some 300 km (200 miles) north of the state capital Brisbane.
A popular destination for travelers, Fraser Island was inscribed as a World Heritage Site in 1992. Fraser Island's World Heritage listing ranks it with Australia’s Uluru, Kakadu and the Great Barrier Reef.
Fraser island is a place of exceptional beauty, with its long uninterrupted white beaches flanked by strikingly coloured sand cliffs, and over 100 freshwater lakes, some tea-coloured and others clear and blue all ringed by white sandy beaches. Ancient rainforests grow in sand along the banks of fast-flowing, crystal-clear creeks.
Fraser Island is the only place in the world where tall rainforests are found growing on sand dunes at elevations of over 200 metres.
The low “wallum” heaths on the island are of particular evolutionary and ecological significance, and provide magnificent wildflower displays in spring and summer.
The immense sand blows and cliffs of coloured sands are part of the longest and most complete age sequence of coastal dune systems in the world and they are still evolving. They are a continuous record of climatic and sea level changes over the last 700 000 years. The highest dunes on the island reach up to 240 metres above sea level.
The Great Sandy Strait, separating Fraser Island from the mainland, is listed by the Convention on Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar Convention). The wetlands include: rare patterned ferns; mangrove colonies; sea-grass beds; and up to 40,000 migratory shorebirds. Rare, vulnerable or endangered species include dugongs, turtles, Illidge’s ant-blue butterflies and eastern curlews.
- Vehicles and Camping:
All vehicles travelling to Fraser Island must have an official permit. It must be attached to the windscreen. Campers other than those using commercial camp sites must have a camping permit which should be attached to the tent in clear view for inspection by the Park Ranger.
Permits are available from the following offices:
- THE DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENT Smart Service Qld http://www.qld.gov.au/camping 13 13 04
- Brisbane: 160 Ann St, (07) 3227 8185
- Maryborough: Cnr Alice and Lennox St (07) 4121 1800
- Gympie: (07) 5482 4189
- Noosa: (07) 5447 3243
- Bundaberg: (07) 4153 8620
- Rainbow Beach: (07) 5486 3160
Permits are also available from:
- The Marina Kiosk Buccaneer Avenue
- Urangan Boat Harbour (07) 4128 9800
- National Parks Kiosk River Heads boat ramp