Arequipa is Peru's second most important city (after Lima), and the second most popular among tourists (after Cusco).
It's located in the Southern Coastal region of Peru just below the edge of the Altiplano, at 2380 meters over the sea level and surrounded by three impressive volcanoes. It is part of the so called "South Peruvian Touristic Corridor", together with Nazca, Puno and Cusco. In difference to these other cities, Arequipa is a sample of the Spaniard and mestizo culture developed in Peru. There are no Inca traces or ruins in the city.
In the winter it is warmer than in the summer. It is nicknamed the 'white city' (la ciudad blanca in Spanish), because many of the buildings in the area are built of sillar, a local white stone. This rock was quarried from the many volcanoes that surround the city, including the towering El Misti. Ask for local help to identify Misti, Chachani and Pichu Pichu, the three volcanoes surrounding the city.
With 468 years of story since its Spanish foundation, its ancient and historical colonial architecture can be found all over the center of the city and many surrounding districts. Reason why UNESCO has declared it Heritage of Humanity.
This city shows the cultural richness of the mixing between local natives and Spaniard colonials who decided to make their lives and future in this land.
Colonial churches are all over the center of the city. They are expressions of the architectural richness developed in the Colony. Some ancient houses have being refactioned by the local authorities, and they act like living museums, where people leave and develop daily duties. An example of this are the called "Tambos" located at Puente Bolognesi street.