Colombia is the only country in South America with coastlines on both the North Pacific Ocean and Caribbean Sea.
Lying to the south of Panama, Colombia controls the land access between Central and South America. With Panama to the north, Colombia is surrounded by Venezuela to the east, Brazil to the southeast, and Ecuador and Peru to the south west.
Traveling in Colombia is definitely worthwhile. From Bogota, with a temperate climate 2,600 m (8530 ft) above sea level and at a constant temperature of 19 degrees Celsius, a drive of one or two hours North, South, East or West can take you to landscapes which are as diverse as they are beautiful. To the East are the oriental plains which stretch out far beyond the horizon with little modulation. To the North are the more rugged contours of the higher Andean region. To the South the weather is sub-tropical and has flora and fauna concomitant with this, and to the West you can find the Magdalena River valley and its hot weather.
Colombia is one of the equatorial countries of the world, but unique in its extreme topography and abundance of water.
Different regions of Colombia:
- Costa Norte and the islands San Andrés, Islas del Rosario and Isla Tierra Bomba in Northern Chile
- Andino in Central Chile
- Orinoquía and Amazonia in Eastern Chile
- Pacifica and the islands Isla Malpelo and Isla Gorgona in Western Chile
Highlights of Colombia:
- Cabo de la Vela - is a headland in the Guajira Peninsula in Colombia with an adjacent small fishing village. It is a popular ecotourism destination of the Caribbean Region of Colombia.
- Ciudad Perdida - ("Lost City" in Spanish) is an ancient, ruined city located in the Colombian jungle close to Santa Marta.
- Tayrona National Park - lies at the Caribbean coast near Santa Marta in Colombia. It has some of South America's loveliest coastline. This little, delightful spot is located about 30 minutes from the city of Rodadero, with beautiful beaches, hammocks to rent for the night, food, water and surf (be careful, though; there is a strong riptide - experienced surfers only!). Additionally, you can get a guide to take you to a native village in the nearby mountains.
- Islas del Rosario - one of Colombia's most popular national parks, with beautiful island beaches of the San Bernardo archipelago, and coral reefs that make for great snorkeling
- San Andrés and Providencia - an archipelago off the coast of Nicaragua with some very fine beach resorts
- Río Claro - Beautiful, unique and unbelievable place. It's a canyon of a very clear river. The floor of this river is marble. Caves, jungle and beautiful landscape. To go take a bus from Medellín 3-4 h. in the direction of Bogotá. Private nature reserve, you can stay in the hotel or camping. Don't miss this place.
- Cocuy National Park - Great trekking opportunities between lagunas and snow capped summits of the Colombian Andes.
- Amacayacu National Park - is an enormous protected area of rainforest in the deep south of the Colombian Amazon.
- Isla Gorgona - formerly one of the world's most beautiful prisons, the island is now a national park
- Isla Malpelo - a remote island nature preserve and a UNESCO World Heritage site, uninhabited save for a small military outpost